Today we want to tell you about a new type of judicious consumer, which is careful to reduce its negative influence on the environment. Adherents of such way of life (low carbon lifestyle) save electricity and water, sort their refuse, eat “organic” products and, planning rest, prefer ecological tours. Today ecotourism is one of the most fast-growing sectors in the world tourist market.
As a separate trend ecotourism started to develop in the late eighties, but became popular only in the nineties. Nowadays, it is one of the most dynamical sections of the world tourist market: substantial increase of 10-15 % annually.
In 1990 The International Ecotourism Society, TIES formulated the definition of ecotourism: it is not only the rest in non-polluted places, but the responsible travel facilitating a preservation of biodiversity and ecological stability of environment, and also facilitating improvement of well-being of the local population. The main principle of this type of tourism is reducing to a minimum negative influence on an ecosystem of the visited region, including carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere.
This type of tourists limit consumption of energy, heat and water, uses prods which packing lends itself to biochemical degradation and recycling, chooses a dwelling place made from ecologically pure and energy-efficient materials and equipped with system of recycling of wastes. Besides, they use available campings and tourist tracks, without creating something new, take good care of local animals.
Classical ecotour is the walking tour (tracking) or skiing trip, cycling, rafting, lowerings in caves, etc. Real ecological tourist combines rest in the open with care about the environment. You can not only familiarize yourself with local sociocultural environment, but also endow it, including money spent on (dotations, purchase of souvenirs made by natives, using services of local firms, including tour operators). That’s why ecotour’s cost, as a rule, is bigger, than cost of standard tours (from $200-300 per day).
Ecotourists try to abstain from flight, if it is possible, and take more ecological means of travel: train and not motorized transport (a bicycle, a kayak, etc., which also produce minimum of noise).
The geography of ecological tourism is extremely wide. In developed countries, such as USA, Canada, Australia, its popularity is based on great number of national parks. Developing countries of Africa, Asia and Latin America (Kenya, Tanzania, the republic of South Africa, Madagascar, Nepal, Mongolia, Laos, Costa Rica, Ecuador, etc.) are the leaders in the number of ecological tours. It is quite normal, because the basic landscape there is virgin wild nature. In many of these countries national programs, popularizing ecological tourism, work. It is also natural, that authorities are interested in development of ecological tourism: according to TIES, gains from its business make up 83 % of gross domestic product of developing countries.
So, if you occupy an active position, ecological tourism is the best choice for you.
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